Parncutt, R. Harmony: A Psychoacoustical Approach. Berlin: Springer-Verlag,
Parncutt develops a model of Western tonal music on the basis of psychoacoustics
and psychomusicology and applies the model to the identification of the
specific effects of musical conditioning and to the analysis of musical
compositions. Included are interesting studies of analytic vs. synthetic,
etc. listening preferences for both musicians and nonmusicians (categorizing
listeners according to their listening styles).
Patterson, R. D. "Guidelines for Auditory Warning Systems on Civil Aircraft."
Paper No. 82017, Civil Aviation Authority, London, 1982.
One of the first and best papers to discuss the proper structure of auditory
warning signals based on psychoacoustical principles.
Peacock, K. "Synesthetic Perception: Alexander Scriabin's Color Hearing."
Music Percep. 2(4) (1985): 483--506.
A curious phenomena which has surfaced repeatedly since the late Baroque
era has come to be known as synaesthesia. It was used by the Romanticists
of the nineteenth century as an effective means to enrich their accounts
of sensuous impressions. Other names for the phenomena include chromesthesia,
photothesia, synopsia, color hearing, and color audition. People who have
this characteristic, experience a crossover between one or more sensory
modes. Thus, they might be blessed with the ability to hear colors or odors,
or see sounds. People who habitually perceive stimuli in this manner are
often surprised when told that not everyone shares this faculty. Color
hearing, though only one form of synaesthesia, is probably the commonest.
Perrott, D. R., K. Saberi, K. Brown, and T. Z. Strybel. "Auditory Psychomotor
Coordination and Visual Search Performance." Percep. & Psycho.
48 (1990): 214--226.
The authors postulate that the primary function of the auditory spatial
system is to direct the eyes. They studied the visual search time for targets
presented with and without associated spatial audio cues and found that
presenting a 10-Hz click train from the same location as the visual target
substantially reduced the time for visual search.
Perrott, D. R., T. Sadralodabai, K. Saberi, and T. Z. Strybel. "Aurally
Aided Visual Search in the Central Visual Field: Effects of Visual Load
and Visual Enhancement of the Target." Human Factors 33 (1991):
Visual search performance in displays with distracters was studied with
and without spatially correlated audio cues. The value of audio in directing
visual search was found to be particularly great when there were a large
number (63) of distracter images. Potential in applications such as enhanced
cockpit displays is noted.
Pitt, I. J., and A. D. N. Edwards. "Navigating the Interface by Sound
for Blind Users." In People and Computers VI: Proceedings of the CHI
'91 Conference, edited by D. Diaper and N. Hammond, 373--383. Cambridge:
Cambridge University Press, 1991.
A description of experiments on using sounds to guide navigation in graphical
Plomp, R., and W. J. M. Levelt. "Tonal Consonance and Critical Bandwidth."
J. Acous. Soc. Am. 38 (1965): 548--560.
Musicians' rank harmonic intervals in terms of their consonance and dissonance
differently than naive subjects. For nonmusicians, consonance and "pleasantness"
are one and the same. This is not true for trained musicians who often
consider dissonances more pleasant for reasons of harmony or aesthetics.
Plomp, R. "Acoustical Aspects of Cocktail Parties." Acustica
38 (1977): 186--191.
Plomp considers cocktail parties in terms of signal-to-noise ratio and
speech intelligibility. He discovers the importance of room acoustics--the
height of the hall and the sound absorption characteristics of the ceiling
Pollack, I., and L. Ficks. "Information of Elementary Multidimensional
Auditory Displays." J. Acous. Soc. Am. 26 (1954): 155--158.
The authors consider two different mappings of multidimensional data onto
the parameters of sound. Using these two display types, they measure the
information transmitted to subjects as the sum of the number of bits in
each correctly identified dimensional level. Their results indicate that
multidimensional displays, in general, outperformed unidimensional displays
measured elsewhere, and that subdivision of display dimensions into finer
levels does not improve information transmission as much as increasing
the number of display dimensions does.
Pohlmann, Ken C., ed. Advanced Digital Audio. ISBN 0-672-22768-1.
An excellent book covering a variety of advanced topics in digital signal
processing for audio. It covers several formats (optical disk technology,
digital audio systems for video and film, data compression, signal processing
for audio, and DSP architecture).
Pratt, C. C. "Music as the Language of Emotion." Lecture delivered in
the Whittall Pavilion of the Library of Congress, December 21, 1950. Washington,
DC: US Government Printing Office, 1952.
In a study involving 227 college students, the author finds a strong
consensus as to the mood conveyed in four distinct pieces of music that
cannot be accounted for by the status of music as a language of emotions.